Increased Secondary Displacement in Western Balkans – New IOM Data
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Increased sea and land arrivals to Greece, and the prolonged stay of migrants in the reception centres in transit countries, appear to have triggered an increase in secondary movement through the Western Balkan countries, specifically through Albania, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina where authorities registered a total of 11,267 irregular migrants in the second quarter of 2018.
Seventy per cent of these migrants were registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a total of 8,034. Another 2,000 were registered by the authorities in Montenegro and 1,233 in Albania where authorities also registered 590 individuals who attempted to exit the country towards Montenegro.
At the end of the second quarter of 2018, Hellenic Authorities reported 22,899 new arrivals to Greece, more than twice the 10,676 registered in the same period in 2017. Forty per cent of migrants and refugees (9,385 individuals) who arrived in Greece this year did so through land routes from Turkey. The majority of all land arrivals occurred in the second quarter, a total of 7,240 persons, three times more than the 2,145 reported between January and March 2018. The number of sea arrivals has been relatively stable in both quarters, with an average of 2,252 arrivals a month. The numbers of sea arrivals ranged from the 1,185 reported in February to the 3,303 registered in March 2018 (read more here).
Between January and June 2018, a total of 58,357 migrants and refugees had reached Europe through different sea and land routes. More than 75 per cent of the overall population crossed the Mediterranean Sea, mainly using the Central Mediterranean route that to reach Italy. 16,577 new sea arrivals were registered in Italy between January and June 2018. Despite still receiving the highest proportion of the sea arrivals reported this year, in terms of overall arrivals (land and sea), Italy was surpassed by both Spain and Greece during the second quarter of the year.
The profile of the migrants who arrived in Spain, Italy and Greece did not change significantly in the first two quarters of 2018. In Greece, migrants from the Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Afghanistan and Cameroon made up a total of 93 per cent of the overall arrivals in the first and second quarter of 2018. The available nationality breakdown provided by the Italian authorities based on the nationalities declared by migrants shows that Tunisian, Eritrean, Sudanese, Nigerian and Ivorian nationals were the top five nationalities reported over the first two quarters of 2018.