Latest Migration Flow Figures
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The latest report from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix, using data from national authorities and IOM offices, shows there were 12,736 new arrivals to Europe in January and February 2018.
With the exception of 2015 when 11,950 arrivals were registered, this is the lowest number of registered irregular migrants arriving to Europe in four years. It represents a 37 per cent decrease compared to 20,200 reported in the same period last year, and more than ten times the decrease in comparison to 137,116 registered in January and February 2016.
The decrease this year is mainly related to the lower number of migrants crossing the Central Mediterranean route. Arrivals to Italy halved from 13,436 in 2017 to 5,247. In addition to that, Bulgarian, Spanish and Cypriot authorities also registered less migrants and asylum seekers this year compared to the year before.
In Bulgaria there were 154 apprehensions in 2018 compared to 451 in 2017, while in Cyprus, there were 47 new arrivals this year compared to 96 in the same period of 2017. Spain has seen a slight (four per cent) decrease, from 3,862 in 2017 to 3,700 registered in January and February 2018.
In contrast to that, authorities in Greece reported a 33 per cent increase, from 2,705 in January and February 2017, to 3,588 in the same period 2018. Syrian and Iraqi nationals are still the first two registered nationality groups for migrants and asylum seekers arriving in Europe through the Eastern Mediterranean route.
On the Central route, an increase has been observed in arrivals from Eritrea (one quarter of all registered migrants in Italy this year) the highest number of any national group, followed by migrants originating in Tunisia, Nigeria and Pakistan.
Flows through the Western Balkans are still being registered. A significant increase has been observed in the number of registered irregular migrants on exit and entry to Bosnia and Herzegovina - from 146 for the first two months of 2017, to 458 at the end of this reporting period (increase of more than 200 per cent), It seems that this is a continuation of the rise noted at the end of 2017 when in the last three months authorities intercepted 529 irregular migrants, almost the same as the sum of the apprehensions reported for the remaining nine months of the year.
Read the full report here