Ukraine Crisis Response Plan
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Nearly four years of ongoing conflict in Eastern Ukraine has had a significant impact on all aspects of life for pensioniers like Maria and all communities in the Donbas region. The protracted nature of the crisis has paralyzed economic activity and severely reduced household coping capacities on both sides of the 457 km contact line. IOM is seeking US$37.8 million for its emergency and recovery programmes to the end of 2108.
At the household level, few employment opportunities have also led to a lack of income and the inability to meet basic needs. According to Ukraine’s Ministry of Social Policy, nearly 1.5 million persons are registered as displaced, with the vast majority residing in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts. Internally displaced persons, returnees and other conflict-affected populations continue to cross the contact line regularly, between the non-government controlled area (NGCA) and government controlled area (GCA) at five checkpoints.
Throughout 2017, numbers of individuals crossing the contact line reached an all-time high in August, when a recorded 1.2 million people crossed. The large numbers of people crossing and the limited capacity of the checkpoints to process them has led to long queues, lack of adequate sanitation facilities and exposure to bad weather conditions, or other health and protection concerns, such as those related to psychosocial needs, trafficking in persons and exploitation.
The overall humanitarian situation in Eastern Ukraine remains dire. Assistance continues to be provided in the NGCA despite various challenges, including limitation on transport of humanitarian cargo and limited access to the affected populations. The deterioration of the situation in the NGCA is evidenced by the increase in poor food consumption, application of negative coping mechanisms and reduction of food expenditure.
Moreover, the damage to or destruction of gas and water pipelines as well as homes and social institutions further increases the vulnerability of entire social segments of conflict-affected communities by limiting their access to adequate heating, hygiene facilities and clean drinking water. The peak in unemployment rates and the scarce public services increase overall dependency on humanitarian aid and public support.
Download the full crisis response plan here.