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Labour Migration Patterns, Policies and Migration Propensity in the Western Balkans

Date of publication: 
Nov 01, 2009
The Western Balkan countries remain an area of interest to those with a stake in migration issues. Despite the region’s common recent history, the Western Balkans are very diverse as regards migration issues: some are plagued by poverty and high unemployment rates that generate large outflows of migrants, while others already attract immigrants to fill the labour shortages in certain booming sectors of their economy.

Needs Assessment: Human Trafficking in the Western Balkans

Date of publication: 
Jan 01, 2014
In September 2013, through the support of the IOM Development Fund, a seven-month needs assessment on the human trafficking situation in the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina [BiH], UNSC resolution 1244-administered Kosovo, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) was commissioned. The purpose was to collect and summarize stakeholder views of the mechanisms and resources available to combat TIP in the region.


The IOM Mission in Belgrade was established in 1992. The Republic of Serbia became an IOM Member State in November 2001.

Serbia has been a destination for refugees and a country of origin of many migrants – countless thousands who sought protection in the European Union (EU), the United States of America and other countries.