First-Ever Global Compact for Migration Finalized
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Work on the final text of the Global Compact for Migration was completed at the UN in New York on Friday, and the much-heralded document is slated for adoption at an Intergovernmental Conference in Morocco in December.
“It is immensely significant not only in global terms, but also for this region which has seen almost unprecedented population movements in recent years”, reflected Argentina Szabados, Director of IOM’s Regional Office for South Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia.. “For the first time in history, we now have a migrant-centred approach to the challenges posed by migration. I am very honoured to have overseen several public discussions on the Global Compact, which brought together the widest possible spectrum of stakeholders over the past two years.”
IOM’s Director General William Lacy Swing noted that this is not the end of the undertaking but the beginning of a new historic effort to shape the global agenda on migration for decades to come. “States approached negotiations in an admirably positive spirit of collaboration with a view to how they would like to see migration policy, practice and cooperation evolve over the years, rather than as a reaction to one crisis after another,” he said.
The GCM sets out a range of principles, commitments and understandings among Member States, affecting nearly 260 million international migrants and the communities that host them, including considerations relating to human rights, humanitarian, economic, social, development, climate change and security issues.
The Compact is the culmination of a process that began in September 2016 when the United Nations General Assembly addressed, for the first time at such a high level, the issue of human mobility and its many dimensions in a High-Level Summit on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants.