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Due to economic difficulties in Uzbekistan, labour migration to Russia, Kazakhstan, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Korea and Europe has been increasing over the last years, making it one of the major countries of origin for trafficking in persons. In close collaboration with the government, IOM, through the local NGO Istiqbolli Avlod, has carried out wide public information campaigns concerning the risks of trafficking and has also developed instruments that allow effective prevention of trafficking and prosecution of traffickers.
Uzbekistan has participated in several IOM regional migration-related events such as a study trip on labour migration to Italy, a workshop on migration and security in Moscow, a study trip on border management to Austria and Slovakia, a workshop on visa policies in Almaty, and training on labour migration in Manila. IOM also successfully completed an assessment of immigration inspection and border control in Tashkent airport in 2004 and in Bukhara airport in 2005.
In addition, within the country projects a number of other study visits have been organized – to Russia, the UAE, Poland and Turkey. All of them were aimed at establishing closer relations with government and non-government counterparts regulating migration.